5 Warning Signs Your Roof Has Been Hit by Wind Damage

Mar 22, 2024

Keeping a close eye on your roof’s condition is essential to prevent serious structural damage and high repair costs. One of the leading causes of roof damage is wind, particularly during stormy weather. This article will provide an overview of the warning signs of wind damage to your roof. By staying vigilant and recognizing these signs early, you can maintain the longevity of your roof and save on costly repairs.

Shingle Damage

Shingles are a roof’s first line of defense against wind and other elements. Therefore, they are the most prone to wind damage. A clear sign of wind damage is missing shingles. If you notice bare spots on your roof after a storm, it is likely due to wind damage.

Cracked or broken shingles are another common sign of wind damage. High winds can cause shingles to tear or even break off completely. If your shingles show signs of cracking or breaking, it’s time for a roof inspection.

When the wind is strong enough, it can cause shingles to curl or lift. If you notice your shingles curling at the edges or coming off the roof deck, this is a strong indication of wind damage. Furthermore, granule loss and damaged shingle edges are other signs to watch out for.

Wind damage happens when the wind’s velocity causes an upward force on the shingles, tearing them off or loosening them. These damaged shingles can expose the underlayment, making your roof vulnerable to further damage. This underlines the importance of regular roof inspections, particularly after a storm or high winds, to catch any possible wind damage early.

Leaks and Water Damage

Wind can also lead to leaks and water damage. If you notice water stains on your ceilings or walls, it could be a sign of a leak caused by wind damage. Similarly, damp or wet insulation is a clear indication of a leak. Wind can lift or tear off shingles, allowing water to penetrate the roof and cause damage.

Mold or mildew growth is another sign of water damage that might be caused by wind. If the wind damage is not addressed promptly, the resulting water leaks can create a moist environment ideal for mold and mildew growth. This can be harmful to your health and the structural integrity of your house.

Recognizing these signs of wind damage and addressing them promptly is crucial to maintaining the health and longevity of your roof. If you suspect that your roof has sustained wind damage, it’s best to contact a professional for a thorough roof inspection and necessary repairs.

Shingle Damage

Roof shingles are the first line of defense against the elements, and wind damage can take quite a toll on them. It’s important to inspect your roof after a storm to identify and address any potential issues.

Shingles Missing Altogether

High winds can rip shingles right off the roof, leaving sections of your underlying roof exposed. This can lead to significant roof damage and leaks if not addressed promptly.

Cracked or Broken Shingles

Wind damage can also manifest as cracks or breaks in the shingles, which compromise their ability to protect your home. Check for visible signs of cracking or breaking, especially after a storm.

Curling or Lifting of Shingles

Shingles that are curling or lifting at the edges may be a sign of wind damage. This curling can allow water to seep underneath, causing severe damage over time.

Granule Loss

As shingles age and are exposed to wind, they can lose their granules – the small, sand-like particles on their surface. Granule loss can accelerate the aging process of your shingles and leave them vulnerable to further damage.

Damaged Shingle Edges

Wind can cause the edges of your shingles to chip or become frayed. Damaged shingle edges can leave your roof susceptible to the elements and should be addressed immediately.

How Wind Causes Shingle Damage

Wind does not hit your roof evenly. The corners, edges, and ridge line are particularly susceptible to high wind pressures, while the center of the roof can have lower pressures. These varying pressures can cause the shingles to lift and curl. Once the shingles are lifted, the wind can get underneath them, causing more damage or even tearing them off completely.

Understanding the signs of wind damage to your roof can help you address issues early and prevent further damage. Regular roof inspection after high winds or storms can save you from costly repairs down the line.

Shingle Damage

One of the most common and easily identifiable signs of wind damage to your roof involves the shingles. Wind can wreak havoc on these protective layers and significantly reduce their effectiveness. Here are some signs to look out for:

Shingles Missing Altogether

If wind damage has occurred, there might be visible spots where shingles are missing altogether. High winds can rip shingles from the roof, leaving an exposed area. This is a critical issue that needs immediate attention to avoid further damage.

Cracked or Broken Shingles

Wind doesn’t just remove shingles; it can also crack or break them. Look for shingles that have split or show signs of wear and tear. These weakened shingles can allow water to seep in, leading to potential leaks and water damage.

Curling or Lifting of Shingles

When subject to strong winds, shingles may curl or lift. This curling or lifting often starts at the shingle edge and can make them susceptible to being torn off during the next windstorm.

Granule Loss

Another subtle sign of wind damage roof is granule loss. These tiny protective elements can be blown off by the wind, leaving the shingles exposed to the elements and reducing their lifespan. Check your gutters or downspouts for accumulated granules, which is a clear sign of this problem.

Damaged Shingle Edges

The edges of your shingles can also show signs of wind damage. Frayed or torn edges are a clear indication that wind has physically damaged the shingles. This damage can escalate quickly if not addressed promptly.

Understanding how wind causes shingle damage is key to protecting your roof. Wind can get under any loose spots or edges, lifting the shingle and causing it to crack or tear. This damage is often progressive, as once a shingle is damaged or removed, it becomes easier for wind to access the surrounding shingles. Regular roof inspection and prompt repairs can help prevent significant wind damage roof.

Damage to Roof Flashing

Roof flashing is a critical component of your roof. It’s designed to direct water away from areas of the roof that are vulnerable to leaks, such as around chimneys, vents, and joints. Wind damage can compromise the effectiveness of your roof flashing, leading to serious issues if not promptly addressed.

Signs of Damaged Flashing

Signs of damaged roof flashing can range from visible punctures or tears to rust or corrosion. You might also notice loose, bent, or missing pieces of flashing. Inside your home, signs of a roof leak, such as water stains on ceilings or walls, may indicate flashing damage.

How Wind Can Cause Flashing Damage

Strong winds can loosen or tear off pieces of flashing, leaving vulnerable areas of your roof exposed to the elements. Over time, even moderate winds can cause wear and tear on flashing, leading to rust or corrosion. Combined with rain, this can lead to serious leaks and water damage.

Importance of Addressing Flashing Damage Promptly

Ignoring flashing damage can lead to more serious problems down the line, such as water damage to your home’s interior or structural damage to your roof. It’s important to address any suspected flashing damage promptly by seeking professional roof repair.

Roof Inspection for Wind Damage

If you suspect that your roof flashing has been damaged by wind, it’s essential to have a professional roof inspection. A trained roofer can assess the extent of the damage and recommend the best course of action. Whether it’s a simple repair or a complete replacement of the flashing, acting quickly will help protect your home from further damage.

Contacting a Roof Repair Professional

If you notice any signs of wind damage to your roof flashing, don’t hesitate to contact a professional roofer. They can provide expert advice and services to effectively address the damage and protect your home from potential problems in the future.

Gutters and Downspouts

The importance of gutters and downspouts on your roof cannot be overstated. They play a crucial role in directing water away from your home’s foundation, preventing potential water damage. However, strong winds can pose a significant risk to your gutters and downspouts, and any damage caused can have a ripple effect on your roof.

Signs of Damage Due to Wind

Wind damage can manifest in several ways on your gutters and downspouts. You may notice that they are bent, detached, or misaligned. Other signs may include visible dents or cracks, or overflowing during rain due to blockage. It’s crucial to identify these signs and take appropriate measures to prevent further damage.

Effects of Damaged Gutters/Downspouts on Roof

If your gutters and downspouts are damaged by wind, they may not function correctly, leading to water accumulation on your roof. This can result in roof leaks, water damage to your home’s interior, or even structural issues in severe cases. Moreover, the excess water can lead to the growth of mold and mildew, posing health risks to the inhabitants.

Steps to Take if Gutters/Downspouts are Damaged by Wind

Upon noticing any signs of wind damage to your gutters and downspouts, take immediate action. First, safely inspect the extent of the damage. If minor, you may be able to repair it yourself. However, for more significant damage, it’s advisable to seek assistance from a professional roof repair service. They have the necessary skills and equipment to repair or replace damaged gutters and downspouts securely and effectively.

Regular maintenance and cleaning can prevent many gutter and downspout problems. Ensure they are free from debris, such as leaves and twigs, particularly after strong winds or storms. This helps to maintain their functionality and longevity, safeguarding your roof from potential storm damage.

Chimney Damage

Damage caused to the chimney by wind is often overlooked, yet it can lead to serious problems. It is imperative to spot and rectify any wind damage as swiftly as possible to prevent further, more costly damage.

Signs of Damaged Chimney

Typically, signs of a wind-damaged chimney can include loose or missing bricks, a leaning chimney, cracks in the masonry, and damage to the chimney cap. Additionally, if you notice pieces of brick or mortar in your yard, it could be a sign that your chimney has sustained wind damage.

How Wind Can Lead to Chimney Damage

Wind can cause significant damage to your chimney, especially during a severe storm or high winds. The force of the wind can cause bricks to become loose or even blow them off entirely. Additionally, if there is a pre-existing issue with the chimney, such as poor construction or a lack of maintenance, wind can exacerbate these issues, leading to further damage.

Importance of Addressing Chimney Damage Promptly

It’s crucial to address wind damage to your chimney promptly. If left untreated, it can lead to a host of serious issues such as water intrusion, structural damage to your home, or even a chimney fire. A damaged chimney can also lead to carbon monoxide leaking into your home, which is a severe health hazard.

Potential Dangers of a Damaged Chimney

Ignoring wind damage to your chimney can lead to a number of dangers. As mentioned, one of the most serious is the potential for carbon monoxide poisoning. Additionally, a damaged chimney can lead to water leaks, which can result in mold growth and structural damage to your home. In extreme cases, a severely damaged chimney could even collapse, causing significant damage to your property and potentially injuring people.

Contact for Professional Inspection and Repair

If you suspect that your chimney has been damaged by wind, it’s important to contact a professional for an inspection and any necessary repairs. Professionals have the training and equipment necessary to safely assess and repair any damage to your chimney. It is not recommended to attempt these repairs on your own, as it can be dangerous without the proper training and equipment.

Tree and Debris Damage

High winds can turn trees and loose debris into dangerous projectiles, causing extensive damage to your roof. Understanding how to identify and prevent this type of wind damage is crucial in maintaining the integrity of your roof.

Trees and Debris as Potential Risks for Roof Damage

Trees with overhanging branches pose a significant risk to your roof during a windstorm. Loose branches can be torn off and hurled onto your roof, resulting in significant damage. Even small debris like leaves and pine needles can accumulate, retain moisture, and cause rot or other structural issues over time.

Signs of Roof Damage Caused by Trees/Debris

Visible signs of tree or debris damage can include dents, scratches, or holes in your shingles. Additionally, you may notice shingles that are missing or damaged in areas where branches or debris have struck the roof. On the inside, water stains on ceilings or walls can indicate a breach in the roof’s integrity due to debris impact.

How to Prevent Tree/Debris Damage to Roof

To prevent damage from trees, keep branches trimmed and away from your roof. Regularly cleaning your roof to remove accumulated debris can also prevent damage. Installing a sturdy, high-quality roofing material can also provide extra protection against wind-blown debris.

Importance of Removing Fallen Trees and Debris from Roof Promptly

It’s important to remove fallen trees and debris from your roof as promptly as possible. Not only can they cause immediate damage, but they can also lead to water accumulation and create a breeding ground for pests. Furthermore, the extra weight can strain the roof structure, leading to potential collapse.

In conclusion, tree and debris damage can be a serious issue for homeowners in areas prone to high winds. By regularly maintaining your property and promptly addressing any wind damage, you can protect your roof’s lifespan and integrity.


Experiencing wind damage on your roof can be a stressful event, but it’s important to address the damage promptly. Ignoring the problem can lead to more serious issues, such as water leaks, structural damage, and potential health risks due to mold growth.

When assessing your roof for wind damage, look for the signs mentioned in this article: missing, cracked, or curled shingles, water stains on interior ceilings and walls, damaged flashing, issues with gutters and downspouts, damage to your chimney, and visible damage from trees or debris.

If you suspect that your roof has been damaged by wind, it’s best to take immediate action. Start by documenting the damage – taking photographs can be helpful for insurance purposes. Then, clean up any debris safely, and cover any areas where water might enter your home with a tarp or plastic sheeting.

Once you’ve taken these initial steps, it’s time to call in the professionals. A professional roof inspector can provide a thorough assessment of the damage and recommend appropriate repairs. Remember, DIY repairs can be dangerous and may not effectively address the underlying issues caused by wind damage.

Contact a licensed, reputable roofing contractor for an inspection and any necessary repairs. By addressing wind damage promptly and thoroughly, you can protect your home and your investment.

Big G Roofing